Malnutrition and suspected cases of cholera are escalating amongst people sheltering in the bush near Pieri, a small town in South Sudan, putting the health of thousands of people at risk, according to Doctors Without Borders/ Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF).
More than two years of a complex and armed conflict have taken a huge toll on the people of South Sudan. Extreme levels of violence, and humanitarian need have a profound effect in the population.
More than 27,000 people have fled their homes in Yuai and Waat since mid-February after clashes between the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) and opposition groups. Those who escaped to Pieri have told MSF teams that civilians were shot at, raped and killed and their houses burned to the ground. Now desperately short of food, water and shelter, many of the displaced people are living under trees and eating leaves to survive.
In response, MSF teams are providing basic healthcare and treatment for cholera and malnutrition. But unless people’s living conditions improve and they are provided with more and regular humanitarian assistance, the situation is likely to deteriorate further, warns MSF.
“I left running – there was no time to take anything,” says William, 41, a father of five who fled Yuai on 15 February. “They were firing their guns in the town. They killed the women, the girls, everybody in the town, and they also raped women. They burnt some of the tukuls [mud huts], they took the cattle and they even destroyed the boreholes.”
William and his family fled the town of Yuai but, fearful that Pieri might come under attack as well, they are living under a tree in a village two hours’ walk from Pieri. The family is surviving on leaves and on the little food distributed by aid organizations. Last week, his five-year-old son died – most likely - of cholera.
The first suspected cases of cholera were reported on May 9 after a general increase in patients with watery diarrhea. MSF has opened a treatment unit in Pieri, where teams have treated more than 30 patients so far, and set up seven rehydration points and a number of chlorinated water points.
MSF’s team of South Sudanese staff from Yuai hospital, who fled alongside the population of the town, are now running three primary healthcare clinics around Pieri.
'The needs of the people will only get higher'
In mid-May, the team reported a rise in malnutrition levels amongst children under five, with 32 per cent suffering from general acute malnutrition and 12 per cent suffering from severe acute malnutrition, which is life-threatening. MSF has distributed food rations for the malnourished children, but there is an urgent need for more food to be provided, both to local people and to displaced people around Pieri.
“We got some food two weeks ago,” says Elisabeth, a 45-year-old woman from Yuai. “But this is not enough, and we are also sharing with the people who are not registered for the food distribution. When there is no food, we eat the leaves on the trees.”
The insecurity in the area presents challenges for aid organizations to reach people, but the current lack of assistance makes the need for aid even more urgent.
“This is happening in an area where there is limited assistance available, a very poor network of basic healthcare centres and where the humanitarian situation was already dire,” says Michael Keizer, MSF’s deputy head of mission in South Sudan. “Considering people’s living conditions and their limited access to water, we are very afraid that the situation will get worse. With the rainy season coming, providing humanitarian assistance will get even more complicated, but the needs of the people will only get higher.”